NCWHS Advocacy

The National Collaborative for Women's History Sites advocates on behalf of women's history at historic sites.   

Since 2012, the NCWHS has been advancing an effort to increase the presence of women's history throughout the National Historic Landmarks (NHL) program. Through a Cooperative Agreement with the National Park Service, the NCWHS will review and help augment the recognition of women's history throughout the NHL program. NCWHS co-planned, with the National Historic Landmarks Program and the Sewell-Belmont House staff, the December 2012 workshop that brought together a wide range of women's and public historians to develop a series of recommendations regarding the preservation and interpretation of women's history sites at the federal level, recommendations it then began to help implement.

As part of that initiative, the NCWHS has taken on a series of nominations of women's history sites to the National Historic Landmarks Program, including the Marjorie Stoneman Douglas House (Florida) and the Annie Dodge Wauneka House (Arizona).


RFP: National Historic Landmark Nomination, Annie Dodge Wauneka House, Arizona

National Historic Landmark Nomination

Annie Dodge Wauneka House, Arizona

Request for Proposals

May 1, 2015


The National Collaborative for Women’s History Sites (NCWHS), in cooperation with the National Park Service, invites proposals from historians interested in researching and writing a National Historic Landmark (NHL) nomination for the Annie Dodge Wauneka Log House and Outbuildings located on the Navajo Reservation near Tanner Springs, Arizona (Latitude: 3519’28.44” N; Longitude: 10936’29.10” W.).Annie Wauneka (1910-1977) was a tribal leader who fought for better health care, education and benefits for her people, gaining a national profile while improving communications and mutual understanding between the Navajo Nation and the government of the United States. The project has a two-year time frame, with a projected start date of July 1, 2015, and a first draft of the nomination due within ten months of the start date. The author will be compensated. The budget for the nomination is in the range of $24,000 to $27,000, including all expenses except travel to Washington, D.C., for the Landmarks Committee meeting, which will be covered by the Denver office of the National Park Service. Expenses will include (but are not limited to) travel (a four-wheel drive vehicle will be needed to reach this remote part of the Navajo Reservation) and photographs that meet NHL standards.


This nomination is part of the Women’s History Initiative being pursued by the National Historic Landmark Program of the National Park Service in partnership with the NCWHS.


Potential authors must have experience evaluating and documenting nationally significant sites, including, for example, National Historic Landmark properties, within the past ten years. In keeping with the goals of the Women’s History Initiative, preference will be given to those with experience in women’s and Native American, particularly Navajo, history.


Proposals will be evaluated on


  1. Demonstrated expertise/knowledge of preparation of National Register and/or NHL nominations.
  2. Demonstrated expertise/knowledge of U.S. twentieth-century women’s history as shown by education, work, and projects both paid and volunteer, etc.
  3. Demonstrated expertise/knowledge of Native American, especially Navajo, history.
  4. Demonstrated expertise/knowledge of a practicable and strong project proposal to be able to complete the nomination on time and within budget.


These factors will have roughly equal weight in the evaluation.


Proposals may be submitted by individuals or teams of individuals. In the case of teams, one person must be designated as the Contractor and meet all or nearly all the requirements stated above; other team members may be less experienced, provided the Contractor agrees to review and vouch for all work.


NCWHS and NPS reserve the right to refuse all proposals.


A Scope of Work describing the project in detail is attached.


Individuals/Teams must provide:

  • A description of how the work will be approached, including a project timeline with key milestones, a methodological framework and a preliminary bibliography of major sources that will be consulted. Teams submitting proposals should describe how the work will be divided among team members.
  • A narrative description of the individual’s qualifications. (Proposals should also include as addenda a curriculum vitae or resume for each individual, and a copy of any successful NHL or National Register nomination previously completed in the past ten years.)
  • A cost estimate and budget breakdown for the work. Cost estimates must fall into the $24,000-$27,000 range.


Deadline for submissions is June 1, 2015.


Please direct questions and submit completed proposals to Kris Hartzell, MSHP; NCWHS project manager, at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

National Historic Landmark Nomination

Annie Dodge Wauneka

Scope of Work

May 1, 2015

I. Introduction


The National Collaborative for Women’s History Sites (NCWHS), working in cooperation with the National Historic Landmarks (NHL) Program of the National Park Service (NPS), requests preparation of a National Historic Landmark nomination for the Annie Dodge Wauneka Tanner Springs Log House Complex located on the Navajo Reservation, Arizona. Tanner Springs is northeast of Winslow and north of Petrified Forest National Park. Working under the NCWHS, a historian will complete the necessary research and documentation of the property, prepare an NHL nomination, respond to the NCWHS and NPS requests for revision, and attend the meeting of the NPS National Historic Landmarks Committee in Washington, D.C.,where the nomination will be reviewed.


Although this work may be done by an individual or a team, one person will be designated as the Contractor, and this person will be ultimately responsible for the completion of the work specified below.


II. Project Purpose and Goal


This project will result in a completed nomination to designate the Annie Dodge Wauneka Tanner
Springs Log House Complex as an NHL. This nomination will be reviewed by the Landmarks Committee of the National Park System Advisory Board. This committee reviews and recommends properties to the NPS Advisory Board for consideration as NHLs. The Advisory Board then reviews and recommends properties to be forwarded to the Secretary of the Interior for potential designation as NHLs. The Secretary of the Interior has the sole right to designate, or not designate, sites as National Historic Landmarks, pursuant to the Historic Sites Act of 1935.


The goal of this project, as further defined below, is to perform the necessary research and documentation of the property in order to successfully complete the NHL nomination.


Please note that given the remoteness of this site, the Contractor or member of the Contractor’s team will need access to a 4-wheel drive vehicle. Work on this nomination will also require conducting an interview with Irma Bluehouse, Wauneka’s daughter, who lives in or near Ganado, Apache County, Arizona. The Denver NPS office will provide the translator for this interview and site visit as needed. The Contractor should not include translation costs in the budget. The Contractor will be responsible for coordinating this effort with the Denver NPS office.


III. Historical Background

[This background information was taken from the Evaluation of Associated Properties prepared by Christine Whitacre and Shirl Kasper. The report is available upon request from Shirl Kasper, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. . The Tanner Springs Log House Complex has not been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Nor has there been any historic structures report prepared for this complex.]

Background:  Annie Wauneka was born on April 11, 1910, in a dirt-floored hogan on the Navajo reservation, near a settlement called Sawmill.[1]  By the time she was one year old, her father, Chee Dodge, a head chief and influential tribal leader, took her to live with him and her stepmother, Nanabah, in their fine home at Sonsola Buttes, near Crystal, New Mexico. Annie was raised there with her half-sister and two half-brothers. She learned to herd sheep and attended the government boarding school at nearby Fort Defiance and the Albuquerque Indian School, where she completed the eleventhgrade. She married the Navajo George Wauneka in October 1929 and moved with George to her father’s cattle ranch at Tanner Springs, some sixty miles southwest of her childhood home. With her father, Annie Wauneka began attending tribal chapter meetings at Klagetoh, about seventeen miles from Tanner Springs. (The Navajo Nation is divided into chapters with locally elected officials.)  She acted as interpreter and was elected, probably in the 1940s, to the chapter Grazing Committee. In March 1951, she ran for and was elected to the Navajo Tribal Council, which met in Window Rock, about forty-five miles from Tanner Springs. She often drove the long miles to Window Rock over rough roads and then back again to Tanner Springs. In June 1953, the Tribal Council appointed Annie Wauneka to chair what became a new Health and Welfare Committee to deal with tuberculosis (TB) on the reservation. Soon after, she went to the Fort Defiance HosContractortal for three months to learn about TB and its treatment and then began the work that would bring her fame.    

Significance: Annie Wauneka’s national significance under NHL Criterion 2 centers onher efforts to control the spread of tuberculosis on the Navajo reservation during the 1950s. She bridged the cultural divide between traditional Navajo medicine and western medicine as she traveled the reservation urging people to seek treatment and convincing the medicine men to refer their patients with TB to doctors who were not Navajos. This was no small undertaking considering Navajo culture and its view of disease and death. Once TB was under control on the reservation, Annie Wauneka turned her attention to alcoholism and education, work she continued well into her 70s. She served on the Navajo Tribal Council for more than twenty-five years and made frequent trips to Washington, D.C., where she testified before congressional committees and lobbied for the Navajo. She also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Properties: A number of resources on the Navajo reservation are associated with Annie Wauneka. The NPS has already identified the Tanner Springs Log House Complex as the appropriate site to be nominated as an NHL. The proposed budget should not include travel to the other Wauneka-associated properties, many of which are privately owned. Information about these comparable properties that is needed for the nomination may be obtained from the NPS report.

Tanner Springs Log House Complex: (The immediate buildings, not the entire ranch: log house, barn, hogan, modern residence, fence, and landscape features, comprising about three acres.) Annie and her husband, George Wauneka, moved into this log house soon after their marriage in October 1929; here they kept watch over Chee Dodge’s ranch and his vast flocks of sheep and herds of cattle, as well as their own sheep. The fenced property with gate includes a contributing barn with Annie Wauneka’s brand painted on an exterior door. Chee Dodge built the log house and the “Stone House” a few miles to the west in about 1891. Annie Wauneka lived in the log house, which has no electricity or running water, until the mid-1960s.

The NPS NHL staff in Denver has determined that the Tanner Springs Log House Complex is the site most associated with Annie Dodge Wauneka during her period of national significance, that it has a high degree of integrity, and that it is the appropriate site to be nominated as a NHL. Her children were born at the Tanner Springs Log House Complex, and she was living here in 1951 when she was elected to the Navajo Tribal Council and began her significant work involving tuberculosis. While living here, she drove back and forth to the Tribal Council Chambers in Window Rock, about forty-five miles distant.  She is buried on a mesa a mile or two north of the house. This property is owned by the Navajo Nation; the NPS is working with the Navajo Nation regarding a Tribal Resolution in support of this project. The contractor is not responsible for obtaining the passage of that resolution. The contractor will need to coordinate with the Tribal Historic Preservation Office to gain access to the site.

The following are the comparable properties associated with Wauneka’s life. The properties have already been surveyed by the NPS; the information available in the NPS report may be included in the nomination.

Sonsola Buttes House: Annie Wauneka was raised in this house with her half-sister and two half-brothers. This fine, stone house was designed by an architect in Flagstaff for Wauneka’s father, Chee Dodge, and constructed between 1899 and 1903.  

Tanner Springs Stone House:  Situated a few miles west of the Tanner Springs Log House Complex -- and near the natural spring known as Tanner Springs -- this stone house, also on the Chee Dodge cattle ranch, was also built by Dodge in about 1891. The house is similar to the fine house at Sonsola Buttes, only smaller. Under circumstances not widely discussed, Chee Dodge’s herder and his family ended up living in this house, while Annie Wauneka and her family lived in the log house.

Klagetoh Chapter House:  Annie Wauneka’s political training began in the 1930s and 1940s at chapter meetings in Klagetoh, where she attended meetings, served as an interpreter, and sat on the chapter’s Grazing Committee. The current Klagetoh Chapter House was built in 1964 using stones from the original chapter house.[2] Wauneka’s association with the new Klagetoh Chapter House is not documented.

Navajo Nation Council Chambers:  Annie Wauneka was elected to the Navajo Tribal Council in 1951 and served until the late 1970s. The Council Chambers, in Window Rock, Arizona, were designated a National Historic Landmark in 2004. The building stands as a symbol of the New Deal revolution in federal Indian policy during the 1930s, advocating reconstitution of tribal organizations, restoration of the tribal land base and promotion of traditional Indian culture. The building remains the center of government for the Navajo Nation, the largest Indian tribe and the largest reservation in the United States.


Fort Defiance Hospital:  Before embarking on her campaign to fight tuberculosis, Annie Wauneka studied TB and its treatment here for three months. The large stone hospital is currently vacant and, according to the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer, faces possible demolition.

Klagetoh House:  In about 1966, Annie Wauneka moved from the Tanner Springs log house to this stone house in the small settlement at Klagetoh. The house originally was one of a number of buildings associated with the Bureau of Indian Affairs boarding school at Klagetoh. When the school was closed, the buildings were turned over to the community.  Wauneka moved into what is said to be the former boarding school principal's house and lived here until 1993, when she went into a nursing home at Toyei in nearby Greasewood.  


IV. Research Framework


All material submitted by the Principal Investigator (Contractor) pursuant to this project enters into the public domain; the Contractor does not retain copyright over any material submitted in conjunction with the NHL nomination, and any and all copyrights and ownership associated with materials produced pursuant to this project are to be held by the National Park Service.


The preparation of the NHL nomination for the Annie Dodge Wauneka Tanner Springs Log House Complex involves the following steps.


  1. NHL Criterion:  The National Park Service has identified NHL Criterion 2 as the appropriate criterion for this nomination. Criterion 2 relates to properties that are “associated importantly with the lives of persons nationally significant in the history of the United States.”  The contractor may also address Criterion 1 within the areas of Navajo history and public health, but doing so is not a requirement. Criterion 1 relates to properties “that are associated with events that have made a significant contribution to, and are identified with, or that outstandingly represent, the broad national patterns of United States history and from which an understanding and appreciation of those patterns may be gained.”


  1. The Contractor will research and write a draft NHL nomination for the Tanner Springs Log House Complex. In writing this draft nomination, the Contractor will work closely with representatives from the NHL Program in Denver. NHL Program representatives will provide guidance as to the structure that the argument for national significance should follow. This nomination, as it is being put forward under the Women’s History Initiative, should therefore include a nuanced discussion of women’s and Native American history. The Contractor will submit a preliminary draft nomination in an electronic format for review by NHL and NCWHS representatives no later than ten months after the official start of the project.


  1.  Following the review of the preliminary draft nomination by NCWHS and NPS, the Contractor will review and revise the preliminary draft nomination in accordance with standards and requirements as spelled out in The National Register of Historic Places Bulletin: How to Prepare a National Historic Landmark Nomination, as interpreted by NHL Program staff of the National Park Service, plus any additional guidance approved by NPS pursuant thereto. If necessary, the Contractor will conduct additional research to answer any questions or concerns given in the comments.


  1. The Contractor will submit an electronic version of the revised draft nomination to NCWHS and NPS no later than six weeks after the Contractor has received the editorial comments noted above.


  1. During the four weeks following the submission of this revised draft nomination, NHL Program staff will send the nomination out for review to a list of scholars agreed upon by NHL and NCWHS representatives. At the end of this four-week period, the NHL Program staff will provide the Contractor with detailed instructions as to how the nomination is to be edited and revised according to the comments of these reviewers. The Contractor will then have four weeks to revise the nomination: at the end of this four-week period, the Contractor will then submit a revised electronic version of the draft nomination.


  1. Following submission of the revised final draft nomination, the Contractor will work closely with NHL staff to prepare a five-minute oral presentation of the nomination for the Landmarks Committee. The presentation will include a PowerPoint presentation, which will be prepared by the Contractor in accordance with National Park Service standards. Materials for this presentation (written text and the PowerPoint presentation) will be provided to the NHL and NCWHS representatives no later than five weeks before the Landmarks Committee meeting. The Contractor will also respond to any and all requests to edit or change the presentation. The final presentation, with any and all requested changes, will be submitted no less than two weeks before the Landmarks Committee meeting.


  1. The Contractor will formally present the nomination to the Landmarks Committee at the next designated meeting.

Proposed Schedule of Deadlines


An official schedule of deadlines will be included in a memorandum of agreement with the selected Contractor. Below is a proposed schedule.


May 30, 2015              Proposals due.


July 1, 2015                 Project officially begins.

(10 months for Contractor to complete rough draft)


May 15, 2016              Contracts submits first draft nomination.

(6 weeks for NPS and NCWHS to review and comment)


July 1, 2016                 Comments are sent  to Contractor.

(6 weeks for Contractor to revise)


August 15, 2016           Contractor submits revised nomination (second draft). Denver NPS sends         nomination to peer reviewers and Tribal Historic Preservation Office.


October 15, 2016         Peer Review comments are returned to NHL Denver office. Staff combine comments and send suggestions for revision to author.

(4 weeks for revision)


November 15, 2016     Contractor submits  nomination, revised to reflect comments by peer reviewers.


January 2017               Contractor submits PowerPoint presentation for Landmarks Committee. (NHL Denver staff will prepare executive summary.)


Spring 2017     Landmarks Committee meets. NHL Denver staff prepare revisions, which are usually minor, as called for by Landmarks Committee. In addition to the NHL, the successful Contractor will be expected to prepare a short article with illustrations for the NCWHS website ( 




While the specific terms of payment will be included in a memorandum of agreement with the selected Contractor, suggested terms of payment appear below:

Upon signing contract:                                                                                  30% of total payment

Upon submission of first draft nomination:                                                      20% of total payment

Upon submission of draft nomination revised to reflect

   comments by NPS and NCWHS representatives:                                           20% of total payment

Upon submission of draft nomination revised to reflect

   comments by peer reviewers:                                                                    20% of total payment

Upon submission of materials for Landmarks Committee meeting

    (Text for presentation and PowerPoint Presentation):                                  10% of total payment




[1] Carolyn Niethammer, I'll Go and Do More: Annie Dodge  Wauneka Navajo Leader and Activist (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2001), 3. Much of the information in this report was extracted from Niethammer’s book.

[2] Kimberly Benally, et al, Leeyi’to: A Well of History and Tradition (n.p.), 16.

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